It is crucial to take kidney health seriously due to its connection with other crucial systems in your body. Acute renal failure – or acute kidney failure – is one of the most damaging things that can happen to your kidneys.
But how do you know that you are suffering from renal failure? What are the signs you need to look out for?
Symptoms of acute kidney failure
Mayo Clinic looks at acute kidney failure. The symptoms can vary in intensity and often include:
- An irregular heartbeat
- Pain or pressure in the chest
- Fatigue, weakness and confusion
- Shortness of breath
In addition, you may experience fluid retention and decreased urine output. Fluid retention often manifests in swelling of the feet, ankles or legs. In some cases, a sufferer of renal failure experiences normal output of urine, too.
In some cases, acute kidney failure does not cause any symptoms. Doctors only catch it through lab tests that are often used to diagnose another, unrelated issue.
Causes of acute kidney failure
The most common causes of renal failure include experiencing direct damage to the kidneys. A car crash could serve as a good example. If your ureters get blocked and wastes cannot leave your body, this can also cause your kidneys to fail. The same goes for conditions or illnesses that slow blood flow to the kidneys.
Acute kidney failure has a quick onset. Most cases occur over the span of a few days or less. It requires intensive treatment and has the potential to prove fatal. You see it most often in people already hospitalized, especially those in intensive care. Fortunately, acute kidney failure is sometimes reversible if treated early by professionals.